* Building control systems. * Energy distribution. * Energy supply (gas, electricity and renewable sources such as solar, wind, geothermal and biomass). * Escalators and lifts. *Facade engineering (such as building shading requirements). * Fire safety, detection and protection. * Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC). *Information and communications technology (ICT) networks. * Lighting (natural and artificial). * Lightning protection. * Refrigeration. * Security and alarm systems. * Water, drainage and plumbing (including sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS)). * Carbon emissions calculations and reduction.